The environmental ethics impose the rules that pose an ecological challenge to the users, as well as an obstacle to surpassing the current society. Due to this need, and the priority of offering various solutions to optimize the resources of a limited and important asset such as water, there are experts who propose the projects and advise on the use of biological filtration. This filtration process complements and improves the purging production of the single septic tank, allowing the treated waters to be used for various purposes and alternatives, conforming to the required sanitary parameters.
The filter-well compact, after the purging system produced by two decanting and decomposition of matter by anaerobic bacteria, produces the biological phenomenon of the sludge degradation. This is achieved by generating the colonies of aerobic bacteria that remain fixed in the biological filter structure. The filter, integrated by a new material tested technically, offers aerobic purge, with a finished production of the rest of the filters of the similar construction.
It is recommended that the sludge is emptied and the filter is cleaned with pressurized water once a year, as a preventive action.
Advantages of Septic Tank and Biological Filter
It is less unleveled between the inlet and the pipeline of the biological filter plug.
For your flat base, the installation is faster and less expensive.
Impact-based distribution system allows better division of water into the plastic filter padding of the biological filter.
There is more quantity of filter padding in the biological filter.
The internal deflecting alarm does not allow the wastewater around the tank surface to be in contact with the decomposed sludge at the bottom of the tank, obtaining water without odor problems, which is useful for irrigation.
Description of the Septic Tank Process
Wastewater is conveyed to a septic tank in which decanting and suspended solids digestion processes takes place. Consequently, there is a decrease in BOD5 of 35% and a suspended solids removal of 90%. The septic tank is divided into two compartments, the volume of the second being equivalent to half the volume of the first. Suspended matter is deposited in the septic tank.
Anaerobic microorganisms ferment and make soluble organic matter that transforms them into simple bodies, only some matter and metal sludge remain undissolved, being deposited at the bottom of the septic tank. In the first compartment, the sedimentation and the accumulation of the sludge are carried out. The second purge or purification is performed in the second compartment. It is necessary to remove the sediment layer when it reaches a certain thickness, maintaining 1/5 of the sediment to aid in the recovery of anaerobic activity.
Through a distribution system, a homogeneous division of the tributary is achieved on the plastic surface of filtration. The waste water penetrates through the top and is distributed through a PVC piping system.
The tributary is divided on the surface and penetrates the interior of the filtration mass, where the adherent organisms degrade the organic matter contained in the water. The filter has a drainage system in the bottom to recover the treated liquid and biological solids that may have been separated. When microorganisms develop, the thickness of the biological film increases to the point that oxygen does not reach the layers.
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The Terms You Hear When You Talk About Sewerage And Septic Tanks
It means ‘requiring oxygen’. Aerobic processes can only function in the presence of molecular oxygen (02), and aerobic organisms are those that use oxygen for cellular respiration and store energy.
It is the general name for the liquid that enters a place or process, the effluent of a process is the affluent of the next.
It is a term to describe stormwater running over land e.g. not infiltrating into the ground. The surface water, unlike ground water, is generally not safe for consumption for the reason that it accumulates pathogens, metals, nutrients, chemicals, and flows on the contaminated surfaces.
It is the name of urine combined with trawling water. It is not included in any of the systems in this compendium.
It is the total volume of water generated from the washing of food, clothes, plates and cutlery, and people. It contains no droppings, but it contains pathogens and organic matter.
It includes kitchen waste water, wash and shower or tub, but does not include excrement or urine.
It is general term for the precipitation of rain that runs through the ceilings and other surfaces before flowing into the lower ground. It is the portion of the rain that does not infiltrate the ground.
It is traditionally described as any water that has been used and is not suitable for additional uses. The term generally applies to all waters that originate in toilets, showers, sinks, laundry areas, factories, etc. More recent terms such as ‘black water’, ‘gray water’, and ‘yellow water’ have been adopted both as a way of describing the composition more accurately and to emphasize the fact that the waters used have nutrients, are valuable, and should not be disposable ‘waste’.
It is about all the components of a system used to collect, transport and treat drainage including piping, pumps, tanks, etc.
The sewers that are designed to carry sewage and gray water from homes and rainwater. It is combined sewage system and should be larger than separate sewers to cover high volume.
It means ‘in the absence of oxygen’. Anaerobic processes are hindered or stopped by the presence of oxygen and are often more offensive than aerobic processes.
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